The 1945 State Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945, UUD ’45) is the basis for all laws of Indonesia.
Does Indonesia have human rights?
Human rights in Indonesia are defined by the 1945 Constitution (UUD 1945) and the laws under it; several rights are guaranteed especially as a result of the constitutional amendments following the Reform era. … Actions by the government of Indonesia have been noted as concerning by advocates for human rights.
How are rights protected in Indonesia?
Indonesia has ratified or accessed to eight of nine international human rights treaties, namely the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD), the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural …
What legal system does Indonesia use?
In the current Indonesian law the hierarchy of legal norms is regulated in Ketetapan MPR No. III Tahun 2000 tentang Sumber Hukum dan Tata Urutan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan (MPR Decree of 2000 on The Source of Law and Hierarchy of Laws).
Is Indonesia a civil law system?
The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies).
What is the biggest problem in Indonesia?
Indonesia’s artificially high food prices are one of the biggest factors keeping 28 million of the country’s people mired in poverty. In many ways, Indonesia is a Southeast Asian success story.
Does Indonesia have freedom of religion?
The Indonesian constitution provides some degree of freedom of religion. The government generally respects religious freedom for the six officially recognized religions: Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
How corrupt is Indonesia?
Transparency International’s 2017 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 96th place out of 180 countries. There are two key areas in the public sector in which corruption in Indonesia can be found. … Evidence of corruption within the civil service comes from surveys conducted within the sector.
When did Indonesia get freedom?
Under pressure from radical and politicised pemuda (‘youth’) groups, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence, on 17 August 1945, two days after the Japanese Emperor’s surrender in the Pacific.
What are the most common human rights violations?
Here are some of worst human rights violations of all time.
- Child Slavery in the LRA. …
- Forced sterilization for disabled underage girls. …
- Forced vaginal examinations of Afghan women. …
- Uganda’s “Anti-Gay Bill” …
- Child Labour During the Industrial Revolution. …
- Slavery in The United States. …
- The Holocaust. …
- Modern Sex Trafficking.
Does Indonesia follow common law?
Law of Indonesia is based on a civil law system, intermixed with customary law and the Roman Dutch law. Before the Dutch colonisation in the sixteenth century, indigenous kingdoms ruled the archipelago independently with their own custom laws, known as adat.
Who makes the rules in Indonesia?
The Indonesian House of Representatives has the power to make laws. Every bill is deliberated by the House, together with the President, for a joint approval. The bills may come from the House, the President, or the Regional Representative Council (DPD).
What is illegal in Bali?
Bali’s drug laws are very strict and should not be trifled with. Indonesian Law No. 35/2009 lays down harsh penalties for drug users caught with Group 1 drugs like marijuana, heroin, and cocaine. You can get life imprisonment for possession or the death penalty if you’ve been convicted of trafficking in drugs.
Does the civil law system use juries?
Juries are only used in a limited number of civil cases. However, they have a dual role when they are used. The jury will decide upon the facts of the case to find out whether the claimant has proved his case or not.
Does Indonesia have a death penalty?
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Indonesia. Although the death penalty is enforced only sometimes in grave cases of premeditated murder, it is regularly applied to some drug traffickers.
What is the difference between civil law and common law?
The main difference between the two systems is that in common law countries, case law — in the form of published judicial opinions — is of primary importance, whereas in civil law systems, codified statutes predominate. … In fact, many countries use a mix of features from common and civil law systems.