How can Malaysia reduce unemployment in graduates?

restructuring the educational system in order to increase the students’ achievements 2. increasing the graduates’ skills in order to increase the marketability of the graduates, and 3. restructuring the labour market system in order to develop Malaysia as a high-income nation.

What should be done to decrease unemployment among graduates?

Perhaps following approach can be considered: Government to revisit & improve their educational system & human resource plans by working closely with universities, employers etc. – this includes re-skill / retraining of unemployed graduates & job placement etc. Universities to offer courses meeting job market demand.

What causes unemployment among the educated in Malaysia?

While Nasrudin (2004) stated the eleven factors that lead to the unemployment problem among the graduates are the relationship between capital intensive economy, a rapid increase of graduated workforce, lack of the relationship between educational institutions and the industry, lack of training for work preparation, …

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How can we reduce the unemployment rate?

Policies for reducing unemployment

  1. Monetary policy – cutting interest rates to boost aggregate demand (AD)
  2. Fiscal policy – cutting taxes to boost AD.
  3. Education and training to help reduce structural unemployment.
  4. Geographical subsidies to encourage firms to invest in depressed areas.
  5. Lower minimum wage to reduce real wage unemployment.


What are the causes of unemployment among fresh graduates in Malaysia?


  • Here are 7 simple reasons why Malaysian Fresh Graduates struggle with unemployment:
  • Poor command of English.
  • Lack of technical and soft skills.
  • Picky about the job or company.
  • Unrealistic salary and benefits expectation.
  • Lack of digital skills.
  • Poor attitudes at work.
  • Delay in job hunt.


How can unemployment can affect you negatively?

For the individual, unemployment can cause psychological distress, which can lead to a decline in life satisfaction. It can also lead to mood disorders and substance abuse. … The national average belies the deepness of unemployment in certain parts of the country. In some communities, it is as high as 60%.

What are the reasons for youth unemployment?

Possible root causes of unemployment

  • • Legacy of apartheid and poor education and training. …
  • • Labour demand – supply mismatch. …
  • • The effects of the 2008/2009 global recession. …
  • • …
  • • General lack of interest for entrepreneurship. …
  • • Slow economic growth.

Is unemployment is a serious problem in Malaysia?

Malaysia’s unemployment is relatively low and stable at around three percent which means the population is experiencing close to full employment. The country reached its lowest level of unemployment in 2014, with a rate of 2.85 percent. Malaysia’s vibrant economy is considered one of the strongest in South_East Asia.

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How many graduates are jobless in Malaysia?

As mentioned in the Graduate Tracer Study report, nearly 60 percent of the graduates in Malaysia remain unemployed even after one year of the graduation period.

What are the major problems caused by unemployment?

The personal and social costs of unemployment include severe financial hardship and poverty, debt, homelessness and housing stress, family tensions and breakdown, boredom, alienation, shame and stigma, increased social isolation, crime, erosion of confidence and self-esteem, the atrophying of work skills and ill-health …

What are the four strategies to overcome unemployment?

Four strategies to overcome employment are as follows:

  • Education and training.
  • Reduce the control and power of the trade union.
  • Employment subsidies.
  • Improve the “labour market” flexibility.


How does unemployment impact the economy?

The unemployment rate is the proportion of unemployed persons in the labor force. Unemployment adversely affects the disposable income of families, erodes purchasing power, diminishes employee morale, and reduces an economy’s output.

What are two consequences of unemployment?

Unemployment means when there is no job in a country for its people. 2 consequences are, 1 people will not make their living by proper means for example they would do illegal things in order to make money. 2 Unemployment can have significance effects on the performance of the economy as a whole.

What are effects of unemployment?

Effects of Unemployment

Individual: people who are unemployed cannot earn money to meet their financial obligations. Unemployment can lead to homelessness, illness, and mental stress. It can also cause underemployment where workers take on jobs that are below their skill level.

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What causes of unemployment?

The causes of unemployment in high-income countries of the world can be categorized in two ways: either cyclical unemployment caused by the economy being in a recession, or the natural rate of unemployment caused by factors in labor markets, such as government regulations regarding hiring and starting businesses.

What is the unemployment rate in Malaysia?

The unemployment rate showed an improvement during the month with a decrease of 0.1 percentage point to record 4.7 per cent as against February 2021. The number of unemployed persons lessened by 24.4 thousand persons or 3.1 per cent to record 753.2 thousand persons (February 2021: 777.5 thousand persons).

Notes from the road