The gamelan is the main element of traditional Indonesian music. The instruments in a gamelan are composed of sets of tuned bronze gongs, gong-chimes, metallophones, drums, one or more flute, bowed and plucked string instruments, and sometimes singers. … The most popular gamelan can be found in Java, and Bali.
How would you describe the element of music of Indonesia?
In the Central Java, gamelan is intricate and meticulously laid out. The central melody is played on a metallophone in the centre of the orchestra, while the front elaboration and ornamentation on the melody, and, at the back, the gongs slowly punctuate the music. There are two tuning systems.
What can you say about the music of Indonesia?
The music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary music scenes of Indonesia. Nearly thousands of Indonesian islands having its own cultural and artistic history and character.
What are the musical elements of gamelan music?
Musicians play simultaneous variations of a melodic line, creating a shimmering, pulsating sound. The musical forms in gamelan involve the repetition of melodies and rhythms. The feeling of the ensemble is cooperative, and no one instrument dominates.
How would you describe the music of Bali?
The Music of Bali, Bali is an Indonesian island that shares in the gamelan and other Indonesian musical styles. Bali, however, has its own techniques and styles, including kecak, a form of singing that imitates the sound of monkeys. … In Balinese music you can also hear metallophones, gongs and xylophones.
What are the two types of Malaysian music?
In general, music of Malaysia may be categorised as classical, folk, syncretic (or acculturated music), popular and contemporary art music.
Is gamelan high or low?
Depending on the tuning of the individual gamelan, it is often possible to hear the pitches 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 of slendro as an anhemitonic pentatonic scale, do-re-mi-sol-la. However, in the pélog system pitches are simply numbered from low to high 1–7 and there is no question of interpreting these sounds diatonically.
What can you say about gamelan music of Indonesia?
Gamelan, the term for a traditional musical ensemble in Indonesia, typically refers to a percussion orchestra composed predominantly of tuned gongs of various types and metal-keyed instruments. The ensemble is conducted by a drummer, and often includes voice, bamboo flute, xylophone, and stringed instruments.
What is the most popular from of music in Indonesia?
Gamelan. It is the most popular and widely spread form of music in Indonesia. The word Gamelan comes from Javanese which means mallet or hammer and is a musical form which is performed with the help of 50-80 instrument orchestra. The instruments involved are local percussion drums and metallophones.
What is the most popular form music in Indonesia?
The most popular and famous form of Indonesian music is gamelan, an ensemble of tuned percussion instruments that include metallophone drums, gongs and spike fiddles along with bamboo flutes.
What are some unique features of gamelan music?
Gamelan music is characterised by the following:
- the lower the pitch, the longer the note values.
- the highest layers are for virtuoso solo instruments played with notes of shorter duration.
- the lowest gongs are often played by beginners.
- the music is divided into four beat groups called keteg.
What are the two types of Myanmar’s instruments?
Myanmar’s musical instruments are categorized into two types, the loud sounding and soft sounding.
What is the purpose of gamelan music?
The functions of gamelan
Javanese gamelan does have its religious purposes as well, as an accompaniment during religious ceremonies. It has also been used as a form of entertainment performed for the amusement of the royal family, as well as accompanying the wayang puppet shows.
What is the traditional music like in Bali?
Gamelan gong. As soon as you land in Bali airport, you will hear the unique melody of Balinese music. This chants of tunable clanging sounds bring pleasures to your ears, similar to the sound of xylophones being played in a group.
What does gamelan mean?
: an Indonesian orchestra made up especially of percussion instruments (such as gongs, xylophones, and drums)
Why is gamelan music played in both Java and Bali?
The sounds of music in Java and Bali differ because of the Dutch. When Java made a deal with the Dutch that allowed them to control the economics in their country, the Javanese people were allowed to continue their musical practices which is why the Gamelan has not changed throughout the years.