How has climate change impacted Indonesia?

Under climate change, Indonesia is predicted to experience temperature increases of approximately 0.8°C by 2030. Moreover, rainfall patterns are predicted to change, with the rainy season ending earlier and the length of the rainy season becoming shorter.

Does Indonesia care about climate change?

Climate experts have criticized Indonesia’s decision not to deepen its carbon cuts, saying the country is both a major emitter and especially prone to climate change impacts.

Is Indonesia vulnerable to climate change?

Indonesia is vulnerable to climate change due to its high population density – especially in coastal areas, and strong dependence on natural resources for income generation and consumption.

How much does Indonesia contribute to climate change?

Indonesia is the largest global contributor to these emissions, spewing 240 to 447 million tons of CO2 annually from agriculture, the conversion of carbon-rich forests to plantations and other uses, according to data from Global Forest Watch.

Why does Indonesia’s climate vary?

Since Indonesia is close to the equator and surrounded by much water, its climate is a tropical marine climate with light winds and frequent thunderstorms. Monsoon winds and mountains also affect Indonesia’s climate. Temperature and rainfall vary across its different islands due to elevation and monsoon patterns.

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Why is the Indonesian rainforest being destroyed?

Despite government regulations Indonesia’s forests are still being cleared for palm oil, pulp wood, logging and mining. Palm oil continues to be one of the leading drivers of deforestation and Indonesia is the largest producer of palm oil.

What percentage of Indonesia is forest?

FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.

What is the climate of Indonesia?

The climate of Indonesia is almost entirely tropical. The uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia’s area ensures that temperatures on land remain fairly constant, with the coastal plains averaging 28 °C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C, and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C.

What countries share a border with Indonesia?

Indonesia shares borders with Malaysia on Borneo island, with Papua New Guinea on Papua island, and with East Timor on Timor island. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, and the union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India.

How can Indonesia achieve its climate change mitigation goal an analysis of potential emissions reductions from energy and land use policies?

If the policy is renewed through 2030 in its current form, it could reduce emissions by approximately 188 MtCO2 by 2030. Expanding the forest moratorium to include additional secondary forest and forest areas under concession licenses could reduce emissions as much as 437 MtCO2 in 2030.

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What is causing climate change?

Humans are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth’s temperature by burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests and farming livestock. This adds enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.

Is Indonesia polluted?

According to the AQLI, as 80 percent of Indonesia’s population of over 250 million is exposed to annual average pollution concentrations above the WHO guideline, the country has the fifth highest loss of life-years due to particulate pollution in the world.

How does Singapore handle climate change?

Singapore’s Pledge to Reduce Emissions

On 31 March 2020, Singapore submitted its enhanced Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and Long-Term Low-Emissions Development Strategy (LEDS) document to the UNFCCC. Singapore’s enhanced NDC now states an absolute emissions target to peak emissions at 65 MtCO2e around 2030.

Is Indonesia very humid?

The climate of Indonesia is almost everywhere equatorial, ie hot, humid and rainy throughout the year. In some areas, there is a dry season, more or less marked, which is therefore the best period for a trip.

Why is Indonesia so hot?

Indra added that in October, the Earth’s northern hemisphere tilted away from the center of the solar system meaning that the Sun appeared to move directly above areas just south of the equator, bringing intense heat to Java, Bali, South Sulawesi, and more.

Why is Jakarta sinking?

Flood-prone Jakarta is the world’s fastest sinking city — as fast as 10 centimetres per year. … Almost half the city now sits below sea level. Excessive extraction of groundwater for drinking and commercial use is largely responsible for this: When water is pumped out of an underground aquifer, the land above it sinks.

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Notes from the road