The French colonisation of Vietnam began in earnest in the 1880s and lasted six decades.
How long was Vietnam a French colony?
From the late 1800’s to 1954, Vietnam was part of a French colony called French Indochina. When the French first became interested in Indochina French missionaries sought to convert the Vietnamese to Catholicism, the religion of France.
How was Vietnam treated by the French?
Under the agreement France would recognize the Viet Minh government and give Vietnam the status of a free state within the French Union. French troops were to remain in Vietnam, but they would be withdrawn progressively over five years.
When did French control Vietnam?
France obtained control over northern Vietnam following its victory over China in the Sino-French War (1884–85). French Indochina was formed on 17 October 1887 from Annam, Tonkin, Cochinchina (which together form modern Vietnam) and the Kingdom of Cambodia; Laos was added after the Franco-Siamese War in 1893.
When did the French first arrive in Vietnam?
The French colonial period in Vietnam officially began in 1887, when Vietnam was referred to as French Indochina. It lasted until 1954, with a break between 1941 and 1945, when the Japanese took over during World War 2.
Are there any French left in Vietnam?
In 2018, it was estimated that there were about 600,000 fluent speakers of French in Vietnam, accounting for slightly under 1% of the population. Nevertheless, Vietnam remains the largest Francophone country in Asia and is a full member of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF).
Are there still French plantations in Vietnam?
During the following ‘American War’, many French were still living in South Vietnam, mostly in Saigon and around the towns of Vung Tau, Nha Trang and Da Lat. It is said that at least 17,000 of them were still living in the country as of 1967.
Is Vietnam still communist?
Government of Vietnam
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
Is Vietnam owned by China?
Vietnam was brought under the control of China following the Ming dynasty’s victory in the Ming–Hồ War. The fourth period of Chinese rule ended when the Lam Sơn uprising led by Lê Lợi emerged successful. Lê Lợi then re-established an independent kingdom of Đại Việt.
What happened to Vietnam after the French left?
In the late 1940s, the French struggled to control its colonies in Indochina – Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. … On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. After the fall of Dien Bien Phu, the French pulled out of the region.
Did the French start the Vietnam War?
The First Indochina War (generally known as the Indochina War in France, and as the Anti-French Resistance War in Vietnam) began in French Indochina on December 19, 1946, and lasted until July 20, 1954. … The Chinese accepted one Vietnamese government under Hồ Chí Minh, then in power in Hanoi (Tonkin’s capital).
How many US soldiers were lost in Vietnam?
The U.S. military reported 58,220 American casualties. Although North Vietnamese and Viet Cong casualty counts vary wildly, it is generally understood that they suffered several times the number of American casualties.
Why did the French want Vietnam?
The decision to invade Vietnam was made by Napoleon III in July 1857. It was the result not only of missionary propaganda but also, after 1850, of the upsurge of French capitalism, which generated the need for overseas markets and the desire for a larger French share of the Asian territories conquered by the West.
What side was France on in the Vietnam War?
France had been a long-time occupier of Vietnam before 1954. It wanted no part of the new conflict. After World War II, France reoccupied Vietnam as part of its attempt to reclaim its prewar empire.
Why did the US get involved in Vietnam?
China had become communist in 1949 and communists were in control of North Vietnam. The USA was afraid that communism would spread to South Vietnam and then the rest of Asia. It decided to send money, supplies and military advisers to help the South Vietnamese Government.
Why did the French return to Vietnam after ww2?
The French, however, were determined to restore their colonial presence in Indochina and, with the aid of British occupation forces, seized control of Cochinchina. Thus, at the beginning of 1946, there were two Vietnams: a communist north and a noncommunist south.