How many Hmong live in Laos?

Total population
Vietnam 793,547 (2019)
Laos 595,028 (2015)
United States 260,073 (2010)
Thailand 250,070 (2015)

Why did the Hmong leave Laos?

One hundred and fifty thousand Hmong have fled Laos since their country fell to communist forces in 1975. Displaced from their villages, which were either bombed out or burned by the North Vietnamese and the new Lao communist regime, many Hmong became refugees in their own country.

Where are most Hmong from?

Hmong, ethnic group living chiefly in China and Southeast Asia and speaking Hmong, one of the Hmong-Mien languages (also known as Miao-Yao languages). Since the late 18th century, the Hmong alone among the Miao groups have slowly migrated out of the southern provinces of China, where about 2.7 million still remain.

Are Hmong Vietnamese?

There are approximately one million Hmong people in Vietnam today, living primarily in the mountain regions along the northern borders. Here is the history of this distinct ethnic group and how they’ve adapted to rapid economic, political and cultural change.

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When did Hmong people migrate to Laos?

The Hmong migrated from southern China in the nineteenth century to the mountainous areas of Laos, Vietnam and Thailand. During the Vietnam War the Hmong worked with the American CIA in the “secret war” in Laos, and therefore were forced to flee their homeland after the victory of the communists.

What is the most common Hmong last name?

The clans, from which the Hmong take their surnames, are: Chang (Tsaab) or Cha (Tsab), Chao (Tsom), Cheng (Tsheej), Chue (Tswb), Fang (Faaj) or Fa (Fag), Hang (Haam) or Ha (Ham), Her (Hawj), Khang (Khaab) or Kha (Khab), Kong (Koo) or Soung (Xoom), Kue (Kwm), Lee (Lis), Lor (Lauj), Moua (Muas), Pha (Phab), Thao (Thoj), …

Are there still Hmong people in Laos?

The remaining Hmong have been excluded from the Laotian society, and a majority of them were forced to hide in the Laotian jungle. Today, only small groups are left, such as the ChoaFa Hmong in the Phou Bia jungle Region.

Does Hmong have a country?

The Hmong are members of an ethnic group that have not had a country of their own. For thousands of years, the Hmong lived in southwestern China. But when the Chinese began limiting their freedom in the mid-1600s, many migrated to Laos, Thailand and other neighboring countries.

What race is Hmong?

The Hmong are an ethnic group from the mountainous regions of China, Vietnam, Laos, and Thailand. Hmong are also one of the sub-groups of the Miao ethnicity in southern China.

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Why does Hmong not have a country?

The Hmong people are considered a stateless nation because the Hmong could never be established by a higher government. The government pushed the Hmong people away, so there was no chance of being established in China or the United States. Because the U.S. already has established States inside of their nation.

How do you say hello in Hmong?

Hello in Hmong language is Nyob zoo (Nyaw zhong).

What language is closest to Hmong?

Hmong is a tonal language, in a similar way to Chinese, Thai, Vietnamese and Laothian. There are eight tones (though some say there are seven).

How many Hmong died in the Vietnam War?

Out of 300,000 Hmong in Laos, 30,000 Hmong died due to the war.

Why were Hmong people kicked out of China?

The changing political climate within the United States (U.S.) resulted in the withdrawal of its soldiers in 1975, leaving the Hmong to face persecution or death from the communist Pathet Lao. As people fled the war and resettled in new villages or foraged in the jungles, they were unable to raise crops to survive.

What is the Hmong diaspora?

Hmong Diaspora Studies Program

Without a nation state of their own, Hmong people live as minorities throughout the world. Outside the U.S., the majority of the Hmong world population is located in southern China; areas of settlement also included other parts of Asia, Europe, Oceania, and North and South America.

What is the Hmong religion?

The Hmong religion is traditionally animist (animism is the belief in the spirit world and in the interconnectedness of all living things). At the center of Hmong culture is the Txiv Neeb, the shaman (literally, “father/master of spirits”). According to Hmong cosmology, the human body is the host for a number of souls.

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Notes from the road