Is Sumatra part of Malaysia or Indonesia?

Located at the far, western edge of the archipelago, Sumatra is the largest island that is entirely in Indonesia. Borneo is actually bigger, but it’s split between Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei.

What countries are included in Indonesia?

Consisting of the territory of the former Netherlands East Indies, Indonesia’s main island groups are the Greater Sunda Islands, which include Java, Sumatra, central and S Borneo (Kalimantan), and Sulawesi; the Lesser Sunda Islands, consisting of Bali, Flores, Sumba, Lombok, and the western part of Timor; the Moluccas …

Is Sumatra Urban?

Sumatra, Indonesia’s large western Outer Island region, had general, urban and rural rates of population growth during 1961–71 as much as 50% or higher than those for the remainder of Indonesia. … Traditional ethnic, religious, and regional linkages within a predominantly rural village system have remained strong.

Is Sumatra a part of Indonesia?

Sumatra, Indonesian Sumatera, Indonesian island, the second largest (after Borneo) of the Greater Sunda Islands, in the Malay Archipelago. It is separated in the northeast from the Malay Peninsula by the Strait of Malacca and in the south from Java by the Sunda Strait.

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Where is the country of Sumatra?

Sumatra, part of the Sunda Islands, is an island located in western Indonesia. Measuring just over 473,000 km2, Sumatra is the sixth largest island in the world.

What Indonesia is famous for?

20 Things Indonesia is famous for

  • 1) Bali.
  • ️ 2) Raja Ampat.
  • 3) Borobudur and Prambanan temples.
  • 4) Komodo dragon island.
  • 5) See orangutans in the wild.
  • 6) Nasi Goreng (Fried Rice)
  • ️ 7) Rica-rica.
  • ‍♀️ 8) Indonesian locals are very friendly.

What is the old name of Indonesia?

Short Form: Indonesia. Former Names: Netherlands East Indies; Dutch East Indies.

Is Sumatra dangerous?

While bad things can and do happen everywhere in the world, overall, we believe Sumatra is safe – for solo female travellers, families, and travellers of any age.

What is the main religion in Sumatra?

Religion

Religion in Sumatra – 2010 Census
Islam 87.1%
Christianity 10.7%
Buddhism 1.4%
Hinduism 0.3%

Is Sumatra a poor country?

Due to the dense rural nature of parts of the Java, Bali, Lombok, and parts of Sumatra, poverty can be classified into rural and urban poverty. Urban poverty is prevalent in not only in Jabodetabek, but also in Medan and Surabaya.

What race is Indonesian considered?

Background

Ethnic groups Population (million) Main Regions
Javanese 95.217 Central Java, Yogyakarta, East Java, Lampung, Jakarta
Sundanese 31.765 West Java, Banten, Lampung
Malay 8.789 Sumatra eastern coast, West Kalimantan
Madurese 6.807 Madura island, East Java

What is the main culture of Indonesia?

Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.

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Is Indonesia a safe country?

OVERALL RISK : MEDIUM. Indonesia is mostly a safe country to travel to, though it still has its dangers from natural disasters to terrorism and petty theft. Be very cautious on the streets of Indonesia and plan your trip carefully.

Are there tigers in Sumatra?

The island of Sumatra is the only place where tigers, rhinos, orangutans, and elephants live together in the wild. The presence of the Sunda tiger is an important indicator of a forest’s health and biodiversity. Protecting tigers and their habitat means many other species benefit—including people.

Is Borneo a part of Indonesia?

Borneo is the world’s third-largest island and the largest island of Asia. It is part of the Indonesian archipelago. Borneo is surrounded by the Java Sea to its south, the Celebes Sea on its east, and the South China Sea to its north.

Is Sumatra a rainforest?

The 2.5 million hectare Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site comprises three national parks: Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.

Notes from the road