What are the main usable water resources in Malaysia?

Based on this fact, Malaysia is a country with abundant water resources. Streams and rivers with and without impounding reservoirs contribute 98 percent of total water used in Malaysia; the remainder is contributed by groundwater.

Where does our water come from in Malaysia?

In Malaysia, water supply for domestic use derives 99% from surface water such as rivers whereas the remaining 1% originates from groundwater [4]. The most common source of drinking water in Malaysia is tap water, bottled drinking water as well as bottled mineral water [5].

What is the water quality in Malaysia?

Water quality in Malaysia, as well as access to water in general, is a major problem. The primary pollutants present in the water are Biochemical Oxygen Demand, Ammoniacal Nitrogen and Suspended Solids. These are consequences of untreated or only partially treated sewage.

What is an available water resource?

Of these, the resources most available for use are the waters of the oceans, rivers, and lakes; other available water resources include groundwater and deep subsurface waters and glaciers and permanent snowfields. …

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What is the main source of water in the environment?

Answer. The main sources of water are surface water, groundwater and rainwater.

Does Malaysia have clean water?

Improvements to Water and Sanitation in Malaysia

According to The World Health Organization/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program, reports taken in 2015 show that approximately 92 percent of Malaysian people have access to properly managed water supplies and 82 percent have access to hygienic sanitation services.

How serious is water pollution in Malaysia?

Other health problems associated with polluted water are poor blood circulation, skin lesions, vom- iting, cholera, gastroenteritis and damage to the nervous system. It also highlighted that residential, agricultural and industrial wastes are three main sources of river pollution in Malaysia.

What is a good example of water contamination issue in Malaysia?

The 2019 Kim Kim River toxic pollution is a water pollution incident that occurred on 7 March 2019 caused by illegal chemical waste dumping at the Kim Kim River in Pasir Gudang of Johor in Malaysia. The illegal dumping released toxic fumes, affecting 6,000 people and hospitalising 2,775.

How is Wqi calculated Malaysia?

WQI = 0.22(siDO) + 0.19(siBOD) + 0.16(siCOD) + 0.15(siAN) + 0.16(siTSS) + 0.12(sipH) 621 Page 3 siDO-subindex is for dissolved oxygen, siBOD-subindex is for biochemical oxygen demand, siCOD-subindex is for chemical oxygen demand, siAN-subindex is for ammoniacal-nitrogen, siTSS-subindex is for total suspended solid.

What are the causes of water pollution in Malaysia?

With regards to the water pollution, generally in Malaysia it is caused by point and non-point sources. Point sources comprise sewage treatment plants, manufacturing and agro-based industries as well as animal farms. Non-point sources are made up of diffused sources such as agricultural activities and surface runoffs.

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What are the 10 sources of water?

These are the different types of water sources around the globe and how they each play a role in what comes out of your home’s sink.

  • Surface Water Resources. …
  • Groundwater Resources. …
  • Stormwater Resources. …
  • Wastewater Resources. …
  • Saltwater Resources. …
  • Ice Cap Water Resources.


What are the benefits of water resources?

Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful to humans. It is important because it is needed for life to exist. Many uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. Virtually all of these human uses require fresh water.

What are 5 sources of water?

Here are the main five water sources:

  • Municipal.
  • Ground water (well)
  • Surface water. Lake. River. Stream (creek) Shallow well.
  • Rainwater.
  • Seawater.


What is the best source of water?

This article discussed 19 water-rich foods that will help you stay hydrated.

  1. Watermelon. Share on Pinterest. …
  2. Strawberries. Water content: 91% …
  3. Cantaloupe. Water content: 90% …
  4. Peaches. Water content: 89% …
  5. Oranges. Water content: 88% …
  6. Skim Milk. Water content: 91% …
  7. Cucumber. Water content: 95% …
  8. Lettuce. Water content: 96%

What are the two main sources of water pollution?

The main point source of pollution to water is from sewage and waste water treatment, while for diffuse pollution, main sources are from farming and fossil fuel power plants (via the air).

What are the 3 main sources of water pollution?

Sources of Water Pollution

  • Sewage (Waste Water) Sewage is another name for waste water from domestic and industrial processes. …
  • Agricultural Pollution. The agriculture industry covers 76% of the land area of England and Wales. …
  • Oil Pollution. …
  • Radioactive Substances. …
  • River dumping. …
  • Marine Dumping.
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Notes from the road