Slendro, Javanese and Balinese five-toned musical scale system.
What do you call the Indonesian term for pentatonic scale?
Slendro (Javanese: ꦱ꧀ꦭꦺꦤ꧀ꦢꦿꦺꦴ, romanized: Sléndro) (Sundanese: ᮞᮜᮦᮔ᮪ᮓ᮪ᮛᮧ, romanized: Saléndro) is a pentatonic scale, Play (help·info) the older of the two most common scales (laras) used in Indonesian gamelan music, the other being pélog.
What is Indonesian music scale?
Pelog is a seven-note scale found in Indonesian music. Unlike Western scales, both the intervals and the specific pitches vary widely. This example is just one possible construction of a pelog scale.
What is the five note scale used in gamelan?
A gamelan may be tuned to the scale of slendro (in which the octave is divided into five tones roughly equidistant) or to pelog (a scale consisting of seven notes of varying intervals of which five are given principal stress).
What is the tonal system of Indonesia?
There are two tuning systems. Each gamelan is tuned to itself, and the intervals between notes on the scale vary between ensembles. The metallophones cover four octaves, and include types like the slenthem, demung, saron panerus and balungan.
What is a Slendro scale?
: a pentatonic tuning employed for Javanese gamelans that divides the octave into five roughly similar intervals Any pair of notes in the slendro scale, it is generally agreed, sound satisfactory together.—
Is Slendro pentatonic?
Saron Panerus Slendro 19th century
The saron panerus is the smallest and highest pitched instrument of the gamelan ensemble. It is played with a wooden or horn mallet. This example is tuned to the pentatonic scale known as slendro, one of two scales used in gamelan performances.
What are the two basic Indonesian scales?
There are two predominant scales in traditional Indonesian music, Slendro and Pelog. Each has a unique character identified by the intervallic relationships between tones.
What do you call the two types of Indonesia Music scale?
Scales. There are two different scale systems used in Balinese gamelan: slendro and pelog.
What do you call a female soloist?
Explanation: A pasindhèn is a female solo singer who sings with a gamelan. They may perform in dance, wayang or klenèngan (pure music or “concert”) performances.
Is gamelan high or low?
Depending on the tuning of the individual gamelan, it is often possible to hear the pitches 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 of slendro as an anhemitonic pentatonic scale, do-re-mi-sol-la. However, in the pélog system pitches are simply numbered from low to high 1–7 and there is no question of interpreting these sounds diatonically.
What does gamelan mean?
: an Indonesian orchestra made up especially of percussion instruments (such as gongs, xylophones, and drums)
What is difference between Slendro and Pelog?
In Javanese the term is said to be a variant of the word pelag meaning “fine” or “beautiful”. The other, older, scale commonly used is called slendro. Pelog has seven notes, but many gamelan ensembles only have keys for five of the pitches.
Sunda (West Java)
|Sundanese pelog degung||Javanese pathet lima|
What is the most popular gamelan in Indonesia?
There are three types of Sundanese gamelan, including: Gamelan salendro is usually used to accompany wayang performances, dances, and cliningan. Because it is often used in the performing arts, the salendro gamelan is also a popular gamelan among other gamelan types.
What is the most popular form music in Indonesia?
The most popular and famous form of Indonesian music is gamelan, an ensemble of tuned percussion instruments that include metallophone drums, gongs and spike fiddles along with bamboo flutes.
What are the three main religions of Indonesia?
Religion in Indonesia
- Islam (86.7%)
- Protestantism & Other Christians (7.6%)
- Catholicism (3.12%)
- Hinduism (1.74%)
- Buddhism (0.8%)
- Confucianism (0.03%)
- Other religions/no answer (0.4%)