The Subordinate Courts consist of the Sessions Court, the Magistrates’ Court and the Penghulu Court in Peninsular Malaysia. The Sessions Court and the Magistrates’ Court have general jurisdiction in both civil and criminal matters.
What are the Subordinate Courts in Malaysia?
Subordinate Courts in Malaysia are the Sessions Court, Magistrates Court, Penghulu Court and Juvenile Court.
What is subordinate courts?
Subordinate courts, on the criminal side, in ascending order, are Second Class Judicial Magistrate Court, First Class Judicial Magistrate Court, Chief Judicial Magistrate Court. Certain matters on criminal side or civil side cannot be tried by a lower court than a district court.
What is the function of subordinate court?
Subordinate courts, at the level of districts and lower, have almost similar structure all over the country. They deal with civil and criminal cases in accordance with their respective jurisdictions and administer the Code of CPC and the Code of CrPC. Each State is divided into judicial districts.
What is the jurisdiction of the High Court in Malaysia?
The High Courts have unlimited jurisdiction in all criminal matters other than matters involving Islamic law. The High Courts have original jurisdiction in criminal cases punishable by death. Cases are heard by a single judge in the High Court, or by a judicial commissioner.
Which is the highest court in Malaysia?
The Federal Court of Malaysia (Malay: Mahkamah Persekutuan Malaysia) is the highest court and the final appellate court in Malaysia.
How does the court system of Malaysia work?
The hierarchy of courts of Malaysia starts with the Magistrates Court as the first level followed by the Sessions Court, High Court, Court of Appeal and the Federal Court of Malaysia, which is the highest level. … A court, which is paralleled in jurisdiction with the Magistrates’ Court, is the Juvenile Court.
What are the different types of subordinate courts?
They are civil courts, criminal courts and revenue courts. These Courts hear civil cases, criminal cases and revenue cases, respectively.
What is the other name for subordinate court?
subordinate court is also known as tehsil court.
What are the two types of subordinate courts in a state?
Answer: Two types of Subordinate Courts in a state are: (i) Civil Court. (ii) Criminal Court. Question 3: Who is the highest Judicial Officer in the District?
What is the difference between District Court and subordinate court?
The district court has appellate jurisdiction over all subordinate courts situated in the district in both civil and criminal matters. Subordinate courts, on the civil side (in ascending order) are, Junior Civil Judge Court, Principal Junior Civil Judge Court, Senior Civil Judge Court (also called sub-court).
What are subordinate courts and how they function?
They are in subordination to the High Court. They work in the district and below and the judges are appointed by Governor in consultation With High Court. The District and Session Judge court is the highest authority and below it is Magistrate’s court (criminal) and subordinate judge’s and Munsif court (civil.).
What are the powers of district judge?
District Judge is the chief executive of a district. He is responsible for running the administration of the district smoothly and properly. The District Judge has original as well as appellate jurisdiction. Under the District and Sessions Judge, there are Courts of civil and criminal jurisdiction.
What court is higher than the High Court?
Supreme Court (formerly the House of Lords)
In 2009 the Supreme Court replaced the House of Lords as the highest court in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. As with the House of Lords, the Supreme Court hears appeals from the Court of Appeal and the High Court (only in exceptional circumstances).
Is a plaintiff civil or criminal?
In a civil litigation matter, the injured party that is suing is called the plaintiffThe individual suing in a civil litigation matter.. … While the term plaintiff is always associated with civil litigation, the wrongdoer is called a defendant in both civil litigation and a criminal prosecution, so this can be confusing.
How do you address a judge in Malaysia?
Malaysia. In Malaysia, judges of the subordinate courts are addressed as Tuan or Puan (“Sir”, “Madam”), or Your Honour. Judges of the superior courts are addressed as Yang Arif ( lit.