It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.
Is Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?
The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas.
Why is the Philippines rich in biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.
What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?
As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.
Why do biodiversity hotspots exist?
There are places on Earth that are both biologically rich — and deeply threatened. … Many of these are heavily threatened by habitat loss and other human activities. These areas are the biodiversity hotspots, 36 regions where success in conserving species can have an enormous impact in securing our global biodiversity.
How do we protect Philippine biodiversity?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
Why is biodiversity important to humans?
Biodiversity plays a crucial role in human nutrition through its influence on world food production, as it ensures the sustainable productivity of soils and provides the genetic resources for all crops, livestock, and marine species harvested for food.
What are the 6 main threats to biodiversity?
6 Main Threats to Biodiversity – Explained!
- Human Activities and Loss of Habitat: …
- Deforestation: …
- Desertification: …
- Marine Environment: …
- Increasing Wildlife Trade: …
- Climate Change:
What is the greatest threat to Philippine biodiversity?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
How is biodiversity rich?
Healthy ecosystems and rich biodiversity: Increase ecosystem productivity; each species in an ecosystem has a specific niche—a role to play. Support a larger number of plant species and, therefore, a greater variety of crops. Protect freshwater resources.
What is the richest habitat on Earth?
Tropical forests are some of the richest, most exciting areas on earth. They are home to gigantic trees, colourful birds and a huge variety of fascinating mammals.
What is the greatest threat humans pose to biodiversity?
Habitat loss is the single greatest threat to biodiversity on Earth today and in fact it is the second largest threat to our existence on this planet next to Climate Change.
What is the current status of biodiversity on Earth?
Across the range of biodiversity measures, current rates of loss exceed those of the historical past by several orders of magnitude and show no indication of slowing. Biodiversity is declining rapidly due to land use change, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation, and pollution.
Who is father of biodiversity?
Wilson is an influential biologist who on numerous occasions has been given the nicknames “The New Darwin”, “Darwin’s natural heir” or “The Darwin of the 21st century”.
|E. O. Wilson|
|Wilson in 2003|
|Born||Edward Osborne Wilson June 10, 1929 Birmingham, Alabama, United States|
How many hotspots are there in the world in 2019?
There are 34 areas around the world which are qualified as Biodiversity hotspots. These hotspots represent only 2.3% of the total Earth’s land surface.
What is the most effective way of protecting biodiversity?
Attract “good” insects by planting pollen and nectar plants. Maintain wetlands by conserving water and reducing irrigation. Avoid draining water bodies on your property. Construct fences to protect riparian areas and other sensitive habitats from trampling and other disturbances.