Newspapers referred to Singapore as being a “Gibraltar of the East”, a “fortress” that was “impregnable”, suggesting that the island was virtually impossible to conquer. … Conscious that British defences were focused on the sea, Japan approached Singapore from its back door, Malaya.
Why was Singapore once thought to be an impregnable fortress?
A naval base was constructed in Sembawang and huge guns were emplaced in strategic locations along Singapore’s coastlines to fend off possible naval attacks which made people believe that Singapore had good defence and was a safe country. Hence, people thought that Singapore was an impregnable fortress.
How did the British make Singapore an impregnable fortress?
Singapore was also protected by over 20 big canons that can shoot as far as 42km. Other than that, they also had 2 battle cruises that were thought to be undefeated. The British also had 137000 soldiers from many countries. With this, the British called Singapore an impregnable fortress.
Why was Singapore so important to the British?
Singapore, an island at the southern end of the Malay Peninsula, was considered a vital part of the British Empire and supposedly impregnable as a fortress. The British saw it as the “Gibraltar in the Far East”. … Improvements to Singapore as a British military base had only been completed at great cost in 1938.
What did the Japanese do to Singapore?
World War Two came to Singapore when the first bombs were dropped on the island on 8 December 1941. 61 people were killed and 133 others injured that day. This was followed by a swift Japanese invasion from the north two months later.
Why did Japanese attack Singapore?
The Trigger Of War
After being imposed a trade embargo due to its Chinese campaigns, Japan had to look for an alternative source of supplies for its war against the allies in the Pacific War.
Did Singapore fall to the Japanese?
The fighting in Singapore lasted from 8 to 15 February 1942. The Japanese victory was decisive, resulting in the Japanese capture of Singapore and the largest British surrender in history.
|Battle of Singapore|
|~5,000 killed or wounded 80,000 captured||1,714 killed 3,378 wounded|
Why British lost to the Japanese in Singapore?
The British Empire’s air, naval, and ground forces which were needed to protect the Malayan peninsula were inadequate from the start, and the failure of General Percival to counter the pincer movements of the Japanese led to the withdrawal of British Empire forces to Singapore.
Who surrendered Singapore to the Japanese?
Represented by General Percival and senior Allied officers, Singapore surrendered to Japanese Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita in front of Japanese newsreel cameras. Sixty-two thousand Allied soldiers were taken prisoner; more than half eventually died as prisoners of war.
Was Singapore a British colony?
The Colony of Singapore was a British Crown colony that existed from 1946 and succeeded by the State of Singapore in 1959. When the Empire of Japan surrendered to the Allies at the end of World War II, Singapore was returned to the British in 1945.
What was Britain’s Singapore strategy?
The Singapore strategy was a naval defence policy of the British Empire that evolved in a series of war plans from 1919 to 1941.
Why did Japan attack us?
The Japanese intended the attack as a preventive action to keep the United States Pacific Fleet from interfering with its planned military actions in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States.
What if Singapore had not fallen?
It would have slowed down the Japanese invasion of Indonesia as carriers, planes and resources would be tied up in the siege of Singapore. The loses in troops civil population would have been hard as the Japanese navy would have bombed Singapore into a wasteland over the course of several months.
What did people eat during the Japanese occupation in Singapore?
The Grow More Food Campaign was started during the Japanese Occupation to place a check on inflation. People were encouraged to strive for self-sufficiency by growing their own food. Vegetables, tapioca and sweet potatoes, yam, maize, were some of the common crops grown.
How long did Japanese occupation last in Singapore?
During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore from 1942 to 1945, two prisoner-of-war camps were located in the area bounded …
Why did the Singapore strategy fail?
Problems with the Singapore Strategy
Britain had been under threat from Germany since war broke out in 1939 and its resources were concentrated on its own preservation. … Japanese aircraft sunk both ships north of Singapore on 10 December 1941. This left the base without significant naval protection.