Eventually Raffles settled on the island of Singapore, because of its position at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula, near the Straits of Malacca, and its excellent natural harbor, fresh water supplies, and timber for repairing ships. Most importantly, it was unoccupied by the Dutch.
Why did the British choose Singapore?
SINGAPORE was chosen by the British because of the location, it was a reliable port for trading in Asia, especially China. It was also a place with resources that the British needed, so therefore the British chose to establish their colony at Singapore.
What did the British do to develop Singapore as a settlement?
In 1819, British statesman Stamford Raffles negotiated a treaty whereby Johor allowed the British to locate a trading port on the island, leading to the establishment of the crown colony of Singapore in 1819. During World War II, Singapore was conquered and occupied by the Japanese Empire from 1942 to 1945.
When was Singapore founded by Raffles?
Raffles, then the Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen (now Bengkulu) in Sumatra, landed in Singapore on 29 January 1819. Recognising the immense potential of the swamp-covered island, he helped negotiate a treaty with the local rulers and established Singapore as a trading station.
Who bought Singapore in 1819?
Signing the 1819 Treaty – On 6 February, 1819, a treaty was signed between Sir Stamford Raffles, Temenggong Abdul Rahman and Sultan Hussein Shah of Johor, allowing the British East India Company (EIC) to set up a trading post in Singapore.
Why is Singapore so rich?
Today, the Singapore economy is one of the most stable in the world, with no foreign debt, high government revenue and a consistently positive surplus. The Singapore economy is mainly driven by exports in electronics manufacturing and machinery, financial services, tourism, and the world’s busiest cargo seaport.
Who named Singapore?
However, the original legend was that a long time ago, a 14th century Sumatran prince spotted an auspicious beast upon landing on the island after a thunderstorm, which he was told was a ‘lion’. Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city.
Is Singapore still a British colony?
The Crown colony was dissolved on 16 September 1963 when Singapore became a state of Malaysia, ending 144 years’ of British rule on the island. On 9 August 1965, Singapore officially left Malaysia to become the independent Republic of Singapore, due to political, economic and racial disputes.
Why did Malaysia kick out Singapore?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
How old is Singapore this year 2020?
SINGAPORE: Singapore marks 55 years of independence in 2020 – a challenging year for the small nation as it continues to fight the global COVID-19 pandemic.
What was Singapore called before?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
What language they speak in Singapore?
Did Singapore used to be part of Malaysia?
Singapore became part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963 following a merger with Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak. The merger was thought to benefit the economy by creating a common, free market, and to improve Singapore’s internal security. … The state and federal governments also had conflicts on the economic front.
Who controls Singapore?
|Republic of Singapore show 3 other official names|
|Government||Unitary dominant-party parliamentary constitutional republic|
|• President||Halimah Yacob|
|• Prime Minister||Lee Hsien Loong|
What is the capital of Singapore?
Singapore, city, capital of the Republic of Singapore. It occupies the southern part of Singapore Island.
What is Singapore known for?
Here are 11 things that Singapore is best known for.
- Being super clean. …
- Greenery amidst the city. …
- That ban on chewing gum. …
- The Marina Bay Skyline. …
- Fines and corporal punishment. …
- Inventing the Singapore Sling. …
- Year round summer (and stickiness) …
- The land of shopping malls.