Ecological Significance. Malaysian rainforests support a vast diversity of plant and animal life, including approximately 200 mammal species (such as the rare Malayan tiger, Asian elephant, Sumatran rhinoceros, Malayan tapir, gaur, and clouded leopard), over 600 species of birds, and 15,000 plants.
What is Malaysian rainforest?
The characteristic vegetation of Malaysia is dense evergreen rainforest. Rainforest still covers more than two-fifths of the peninsula and some two-thirds of Sarawak and Sabah; another fraction of the country is under swamp forest.
Who would live in the Malaysian rainforest?
The hunter-gatherer Penan live in the rainforests of the interior of Sarawak, in the Malaysian part of the island of Borneo. Traditionally nomadic, most of the 10-12,000 Penan now live in settled communities, but continue to rely on the forest for their existence.
Is Malaysia a tropical rainforest?
Malaysia has one of the most complex tropical rainforest ecosystems in the world. The country as a whole has a tropical maritime climate. It is also a relatively small country, and with a land area of only about 33 million ha, is about the size of the British Isles.
What is the most important rainforest?
The Amazon rainforest: the world’s most important ecosystem
- The enormous Amazon river, with all its tributaries, contains 20 percent of the world’s flowing fresh water.
- Though the Amazon covers only four percent of the earth’s surface, it contains a third of all known terrestrial plant, animal, and insect species.
What is Malaysia famous for?
What is Malaysia Famous For?
- The Petronas Towers. One of Malaysia’s most recognisable and iconic landmarks is the Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur. …
- Stunning Coastal Landscape. …
- Malacca City. …
- Gunung Mulu National Park. …
- Batu Caves. …
- Multiculturalism. …
- Malaysian Food.
Why is the Malaysian rainforest being destroyed?
As well as unsustainable logging practices, Malaysia’s forests are under threat from rapid deforestation, illegal removal of forest products and encroachment. Its deforestation rate is accelerating faster than in any other tropical country, and between 1990 and 2010, it lost 8.6%, or 1,920,000ha of its forest cover.
What is the most dangerous animal in Malaysia?
One of the most common dangerous animals in Malaysia that you may encounter is the Mangrove Pit Viper. Malaysia is actually home to a vast number of snake species, a lot of which are venomous and pack a mean bite!
Mangrove Pit Viper.
|Latin Name||Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus|
|Conservation Status||Least Concern IUCN|
What is the biggest animal in Malaysia?
The Asian elephant is the biggest land mammal in Asia, therefore it is also the largest in Malaysia.
What big cats are in Malaysia?
Peninsular Malaysia holds four big cats: the Indochinese tiger, the Malayan tiger, the Indochinese leopard and also the clouded leopard. Another major predator is the sunbear.
Why is Malaysia so cold today?
So why is it so cold now? According to MetMalaysia, the recent temperature drop is due to the continuous wet and humid weather in most parts of the country, especially in the East and West Coast of the Peninsular. MetMalaysia also explained that the country would be faced with the current stormy weather till March.
Why does Malaysia have two parts?
The area was prosperous for two main reasons. First, its forests and shorelines produced goods that people wanted in places like China and the Middle East, including aromatic woods and resins, tin and gold, oysters and cowrie shells. Second, the western coast of the Malayan peninsula had the perfect weather for trade.
Is Malaysia a hot or cold country?
Malaysia enjoys tropical weather year round however due to its proximity to water the climate is often quite humid. Despite this, the weather is never too hot and temperatures range from a mild 20°C to 30°C average throughout the year; however the highlands experience cooler temperatures.
Which is the 2nd largest forest in the world?
#5 The tropical rainforest in Congo
It is currently around 1,780,000 square kilometres in size, making it the second largest rainforest in the world.
What is a threat to the rainforest?
Logging interests cut down rain forest trees for timber used in flooring, furniture, and other items. Power plants and other industries cut and burn trees to generate electricity. The paper industry turns huge tracts of rain forest trees into pulp.
Why is the rainforest important to us?
As well as the vivid beauty that comes with great diversity in plants and animals, rainforests also play a practical role in keeping our planet healthy. By absorbing carbon dioxide and releasing the oxygen that we depend on for our survival. The absorption of this CO2 also helps to stabilize the Earth’s climate.