How many farmers are there in Indonesia?
The country lost 5.1 million farmers between 2003 and 2013, with their numbers falling to 26 million, according to Statistics Indonesia (BPS).
What type of farming is practiced in Indonesia?
The major food crops, ranked by area harvested, are rice, corn, cassava, soybeans and peanuts. Indonesia is also one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of tree crops such as rubber, copra, palm kernels, palm oil, coffee, cocoa and spices (Ministry of Agriculture, 2001).
What is the average farm size in Indonesia?
The average farm size is very small at less than 1 hectare, with the majority of farmers cultivating landholdings between 0.1 – 0.5 hectares in size. Rice production is heavily concentrated on the islands of Java and Sumatra, with nearly 60 percent of total production emanating from Java alone.
How many smallholder farmers are there in Indonesia?
Smallholder farmers are present in all of Indonesia’s palm oil growing provinces, with significant1 areas of smallholder-managed farms in at least 18 provinces.
What problems do farmers face in Indonesia?
As in the rest of Asia, Indonesian agriculture is dominated by smallholders. Their problems are poverty and indebtedness. A universal feature of growing economies is the decline of agriculture as a share of both GDP and total employment. There are two principal causes for this long-term process of structural change.
How much do farmers earn in Indonesia?
A person working as a Farmer in Indonesia typically earns around 3,880,000 IDR per month. Salaries range from 1,860,000 IDR (lowest) to 6,090,000 IDR (highest). This is the average monthly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits.
What is Indonesia the largest producer of?
Currently, Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil and the leading producer of coffee, rubber and cocoa.
What does Indonesia export the most?
Indonesia’s most important export commodities are oil and gas, minerals, crude palm oil, electrical appliances and rubber products. However Indonesia exports of goods and services, as a proportion of GDP, is relatively low at 20%.
What is Indonesia famous for producing?
The country is a major exporter of crude petroleum and natural gas. In addition, Indonesia is one of the world’s main suppliers of rubber, coffee, cocoa, and palm oil; it also produces a wide range of other commodities, such as sugar, tea, tobacco, copra, and spices (e.g., cloves).
How many acres is a small farm?
According to the USDA , small family farms average 231 acres; large family farms average 1,421 acres and the very large farm average acreage is 2,086.
Is rice native to Indonesia?
Evidence of wild rice on the island of Sulawesi dates from 3000 BC. … Rice production in Indonesian history is linked to the development of iron tools and the domestication of Wild Asian Water Buffalo as water buffalo for cultivation of fields and manure for fertilizer. Rice production requires exposure to the sun.
What is the main industry in Indonesia?
Major industrial sectors include petroleum and natural gas, textiles and apparel, mining, footwear, plywood, rubber and chemical fertilisers. The services sector is equally as important to Indonesia’s economy, accounting for 43 per cent of GDP in 2015. Agriculture on the other hand only accounted for 14 per cent.
Why farmers are poor in Indonesia?
One of the causes is limited land owned by households, especially in Java Island. As a result, the purchasing power of farmers is also low, so this situation will encourage farmers to poverty. In 2013, out of 28 million poor people in rural Indonesia, more than two-thirds were farmers.
What are the main crops grown in Indonesia?
Grains, pulses and root crops, i.e. the food crops, include rice, maize, groundnut, soybean, cassava and sweet potato and a number of other crops. The main staple food crop in Indonesia is rice, which is produced mainly in irrigated or lowland systems.
What is the Indonesian flag look like?
The Flag of Indonesia is a simple bicolor with two equal horizontal bands, red (top) and white (bottom) with an overall ratio of 2:3. … The design of the jack is described as nine alternating stripes of red and white.