What are the most important ecosystems in Indonesia?

Indonesia’s rainforests are home to some of the highest levels of biological diversity in the world. Many sources credit Indonesia as the most species rich country on earth. Spread over 18,000 islands, Indonesia contains the world’s third largest area of rainforest after the Amazon and Africa’s Congo Basin.

What are the ecosystems in Indonesia?

Indonesia’s vast land area consists of a variety of ecological regions. Some of the ecological regions are Borneo montane rain forests, Buru rain forests, Lesser Sundas deciduous forests, New Guinea mangroves, Sumatran freshwater swamp forests, and Sumba deciduous forests.

Why are Indonesian rainforests important?

Indonesia’s forests are important for many reasons. Forests help protect against flooding and drought. … But Indonesia’s rainforests are fast being destroyed. About 40 percent of lowland forests in Sumatran and Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) were chopped down between 1990 and 2005.

What is Indonesia doing for the environment?

Recognizing the domestic and international importance of its tropical landscape and the people in it, the Indonesian government has made encouraging decisions; it has voluntarily committed to a minimum 26% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and developed a strategy for land use and forestry emissions, …

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Why is the rainforest important in Jakarta?

Economic Value of Rainforests

Ecosystem services account for 75% of the GDP of Indonesia’s rural poor. Indigenous people have sustained and been sustained by these forests for many centuries. Now they are bearing witness to their destruction in less than a generation.

Which animal is found in the rainforest of Indonesia?

Other animals you can find in the Indonesian rainforests are the Indonesian rhinos. While the Sumatran rhinos are located in Borneo and Sumatra, the Javan rhinos are in the island of Java, being more concrete in the Ujung Kulon National Park, as it´s one of the few places where they are still alive.

Where does Indonesia located?

Asia

What percent of Indonesia is rainforest?

Indonesia’s Forests Are Disappearing at an Alarming Rate

Indonesia’s forests represent 10% of the world’s remaining tropical rainforests.

Which type of forest Indonesia is famous for?

Forests of Indonesia are the third largest tropical forests in the world. Tropical forests are one of the greatest biodiversity hotspots on Earth. Indonesia is home to 10% to 15% of all known plants, mammals and birds on the planet.

How bad is Indonesia deforestation?

A recent study, not yet peer-reviewed, has also attributed the slowing deforestation rate in Indonesia to declining oil palm plantation expansion and lower palm oil prices. … “In 2019, Indonesia produced timber from 8.4 million hectares [20.7 million acres] of natural forests.

What is the biggest problem in Indonesia?

Major problems faced the mountainous interior regions of Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Sumatra. These problems included deforestation, soil erosion, massive forest fires, and even desertification resulting from intensive commercial logging—all these threatened to create environmental disasters.

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What is the main culture of Indonesia?

Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.

Is Indonesia a clean country?

According to water development experts, Indonesia has the worst drinking water in Southeast Asia and there are wide gaps between the urban/rural water access and water quality. Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populated country. It is a diverse country that stretches over 17,504 islands.

How much of Indonesia is jungle?

According to the U.N. FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.

Why is Indonesian deforestation increasing?

Agricultural development and transmigration programs moved large populations into rainforest areas, further increasing deforestation rates. Logging and the burning of forests to clear land for cultivation has made Indonesia the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, behind China and the United States.

Why is the deforestation happening?

The most common pressures causing deforestation and severe forest degradation are agriculture, unsustainable forest management, mining, infrastructure projects and increased fire incidence and intensity.

Notes from the road