Indonesian legal system based on Roman-Dutch law, customary law and Islamic law. Given to the fact that Most of the Indonesian archipelago was under Dutch rule for about three and half centuries (1602 – 1945).
Is Indonesia common law or civil law?
The Indonesian legal system is a Civil Law system rather than a Common Law system (The Common Law System is found chiefly in Australia, England, America and other former British colonies).
Does Indonesia have rule of law?
Article 1(3) of the 1945 Constitution clearly states that Indonesia is governed by the rule of law. Furthermore, the 1945 Constitution affirms that human rights should be upheld in accordance with the principles of a democratic and law-based state.
What is included in the legal system?
The legal system includes rules, procedures, and institutions by which public initiatives and private endeavors can be carried out through legitimate means. In other words, is a system for interpreting and enforcing the laws. … Three major legal systems of the world consist of civil law, common law and religious law.
How are laws made in Indonesia?
The Indonesian House of Representatives has the power to make laws. Every bill is deliberated by the House, together with the President, for a joint approval. The bills may come from the House, the President, or the Regional Representative Council (DPD).
Does Indonesia adopt civil law system?
Indonesia implements a mixed legal system with the civil law system as the main legal system adopted from the Dutch colonial law. Indonesia also recognises the customary legal system (sistem hukum adat) and religious legal system (Islamic sharia law).
Why Indonesia is a civil law country?
Law of Indonesia is based on a civil law system, intermixed with customary law and the Roman Dutch law. … Following the independence in 1945, Indonesia began to form its own modern Indonesian law, not developing it from scratch, but modifying precepts of existing laws.
What rule of law means?
Rule of law, the mechanism, process, institution, practice, or norm that supports the equality of all citizens before the law, secures a nonarbitrary form of government, and more generally prevents the arbitrary use of power. …
What are the two types of legal systems?
As lawyers know, legal systems in countries around the world generally fall into one of two main categories: common law systems and civil law systems.
What are the types of legal systems?
There are generally considered to be five legal systems in the world today: civil law, common law, customary law, religious law, and mixed legal systems.
What are different branches of legal system?
There are five types of legal system i.e. civil law; common law; customary law; religious law and mixed law.
What is the age of consent in Indonesia?
What is the age of sexual consent? In most states in Indonesia, same-sex relations are legal but the age of consent is 18.
What is illegal in Bali?
Bali’s drug laws are very strict and should not be trifled with. Indonesian Law No. 35/2009 lays down harsh penalties for drug users caught with Group 1 drugs like marijuana, heroin, and cocaine. You can get life imprisonment for possession or the death penalty if you’ve been convicted of trafficking in drugs.
Does Indonesia have a death penalty?
Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Indonesia. Although the death penalty is enforced only sometimes in grave cases of premeditated murder, it is regularly applied to some drug traffickers.