Christianity was effectively brought to Indonesia by the Portuguese maritime trading empire in the 16th cent. Franciscans from Portugal established themselves in the Moluccas in 1534.
When did Christianity start in Indonesia?
Arrival of Christianity in the Indonesian Archipelago
The first known source of Christian presence in the archipelago can be found in the encyclopedic work of Abu Salih Al-Armini, an Egyptian Christian who lived in the 12th century.
What was the first religion in Indonesia?
Despite comprising less than two percent of the population, Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in Indonesia. First brought to the archipelago by traders from India during the first century, Hinduism was once the predominant religion that was adopted by the most powerful ancient empires.
Is Christianity growing in Indonesia?
Indonesia has one of the largest concentrations of Christianity in the Muslim world. In recent times, the rate of growth and spread of Christianity has increased especially among the Chinese minority, especially among the educated.
Is Christianity allowed in Indonesia?
The Indonesian constitution provides some degree of freedom of religion. The government generally respects religious freedom for the six officially recognized religions: Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
Is Indonesia was a Hindu country?
Hinduism in Indonesia, as of the 2018 census, is practised by about 1.74% of the total population, and almost 87% of the population in Bali. Hinduism is one of the six official religions of Indonesia.
Official Census (2018)
|Province (2018 Cen.)||Indonesia|
What is the main culture of Indonesia?
Indonesia is centrally-located along ancient trading routes between the Far East, South Asia and the Middle East, resulting in many cultural practices being strongly influenced by a multitude of religions, including Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Hinduism, and Islam, all strong in the major trading cities.
Who is the God of Indonesia?
Sunda. According to Sunda Wiwitan beliefs of the Sundanese, a supreme god named Sang Hyang Kersa created the universe and also other gods such as Mother Goddess Batari Sunan Ambu and Batara Guru (identified as Shiva after the adoption of Hinduism).
Which religion is the oldest?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.
What religion is Indonesia mainly known for?
Religion in Indonesia
|Percentage share (of total population)||Absolute numbers (in millions)|
Is Christianity growing or declining?
Christianity has been estimated to be growing rapidly in South America, Africa, and Asia. In Africa, for instance, in 1900, there were only 8.7 million adherents of Christianity; now there are 390 million, and it is expected that by 2025 there will be 600 million Christians in Africa.
Is Christianity growing in Yemen?
As of 2014, fewer than 200 Jews remain in Yemen. There are 3,000 Christians throughout the country, most of whom are refugees or temporary foreign residents. There are four churches in Aden, three Roman Catholic and one Anglican.
How did Christianity come to Indonesia?
From Sumatra, Christians expanded to the central and east Java. Like other religions – Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam – Christianity came to Indonesia from India. There is a common opinion that Christianity first was brought to Indonesia by the Portuguese traders in the 16th century.
Where is Christianity growing the fastest?
In Iran, Christianity is reportedly the fastest growing religion with an average annual rate of 5.2%. In 1900, there were only 8.7 million adherents of Christianity in Africa, while in 2010 there were 390 million.
Is it illegal to be an atheist in Indonesia?
“Although legally there aren’t any laws that prohibit atheism in Indonesia, there are so many loopholes used to persecute us here, such as the defamation article [for slander and libel] and the first principle of pancasila,” he says, referring to one of Indonesia’s five overarching philosophical principles: a belief in …
What is Singapore’s main religion?
A 2014 analysis by the Pew Research Center found Singapore to be the world’s most religiously diverse nation. The most followed religion in Singapore is Buddhism, with 31.1% of the resident population declaring themselves as adherents at the most recent census (2020).