Cambodia’s golden silk is spun from the cocoons of golden silkworms, rather than the white ones found elsewhere in the world, which have adapted to the warm tropical climate of northern Cambodia and feed on a native variety of mulberry.
What is Cambodia silk made of?
Even today, Cambodian silk is made with only yellow silk. While yellow silk is strong and high in quality, the worms that produce it create less silk than do the enviable white hybrid silk worms predominantly grown in temperate China.
Where does Cambodian textiles come from?
Today Cambodia only produces around 10% of the silk used in weaving throughout the country. The bulk of silk used today is imported from Vietnam and China.
What are the silk industries of Cambodia?
Sericulture has a long history in Cambodia going back to the 13th century when villagers started breeding silkworms along the banks of the Mekong and Bassac Rivers. For centuries, Cambodia was renowned for its unique Cambodian Golden Silk which is produced from the yellow silkworm.
What is Khmer silk?
Our Cambodian silk is an ecological textile fiber with numerous qualities : washable, souple, strong, soft and shiny. Feeling cool when it is hot and warm during the cold season, our silk is lightweight and pleasant to wear.
What are the two techniques of Cambodian silk?
There are different types of traditional silk fabrics and techniques. The two major techniques are Ikat and uneven twill, a quicker method yielding single or two-colors fabrics.
What is the famous fabric in Cambodia?
Though today Cambodia imports most of its cotton, traditionally woven cotton remains popular. Rural women often weave homemade cotton fabric, which is used in garments and for household purposes. Krama, the traditional check scarves worn almost universally by Cambodians, are made of cotton.
What is the religion of Cambodia?
Religion of Cambodia. Most ethnic Khmer are Theravada (Hinayana) Buddhists (i.e., belonging to the older and more traditional of the two great schools of Buddhism, the other school being Mahayana). Until 1975 Buddhism was officially recognized as the state religion of Cambodia.
What are the 2 main types of Cambodian weaving?
Two main types of Cambodian weaving are ikat technique, complex patterned fabrics with tie-dyed portions of the weft yarn, and uneven twill created with single or two colour fabrics created with weaving three different threads.
What is Khmer term for ikat technique?
Cambodian Ikat is a weft Ikat, woven using a multi shaft loom. It has an uneven twill weave, meaning the weft threads are more visible on the front side of the fabric. The most complex Khmer Ikat is that of the Pedan. The Pedan is a fabric traditionally woven as a wall hanging for religious ceremonies.
What are the three important silk textiles in Cambodia?
There are three important silk textiles in Cambodia. They include the ikat silks (chong kiet in Khmer), or hol, the twill-patterned silks and the weft ikat textiles.
What is the famous Silk weaving in Cambodia?
Silk weaving has been part of Cambodia culture for centuries. At Angkor Wat, the ancient temple complex built in the early 12th century, images of women wearing traditional silk garments that are still worn today are carved in bas-relief.
What is the famous fabric products of Cambodia silk weaving?
IKAT – There are various kinds of IKAT but IKAT fabric is considered one of the main Cambodian fabric weaves.
How can I describe silk weaving?
Silk threads are dyed in a pattern and woven into the piece creating an artistic effect where the colours appear to bleed into one another. … Unlike machine made textiles the surfaces of loom woven silk are not perfect, but instead show the beautiful characteristics and nubs of hand-woven and dyed silk.
Is Cambodia a country?
Cambodia, country on the Indochinese mainland of Southeast Asia. Cambodia is largely a land of plains and great rivers and lies amid important overland and river trade routes linking China to India and Southeast Asia.
What is silk weaving?
Silk production process is very complex and starts after dyeing the silk and involves various stages such as spinning, warping, loading warp and weaving. Spinning Process: … The silk strand is reeled to spindle and the wheel is operated. The yarn from big hank or Charka-spinning wheel is transferred into spindles.